- Technical Information
- Operations Principles of Latching Solenoid Mechanism
Operations Principles of Latching Solenoid Mechanism
The attractive force between the pole piece and plunger by which a valve's operation is produced varies according to three factors:
1. The distance between the pole piece and the plunger (the valve's stroke)
2. The magnetic force of the coil
3. The magnetic force of the permanent magnet.
According to the balance of this force with the spring, the valve changes between open and closed state.
The diagram below shows an example of the EL series pinch valve.
Open to Closed Operation
Permanent magnet's attractive force < Spring
There is an open space between the pole piece and the plunger and the attractive force of the permanent magnet is lower than the force of the spring.
Current flows to the coil, the electromagnetic force is created in such direction that the attractive force increases and becomes stronger than the spring. Then, the plunger moves towards the pole piece.
Permanent magnet's attractive power > Spring
The space between the pole piece and the plunger narrows and so the attractive force is strengthening. Even the magnetic force from the coil is cut, the attractive force is stronger than the force of the spring.
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Takasago Fluidic Systems offers you various types of latching solenoid valves including solenoid diaphragm valves, pinch vales, etc. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us.