Manufacturer of Valves, Pumps, and Manifolds

Miniature Diaphragm Valves | Compact Inert Valves for Medical and Analytical instrumendts. We take custom orders!

directory HOME > Solutions > Glossary

Welcome to Takasago Fluidic Systems, a leading manufacturer of valves, pumps and manifolds

Influence of the internal-volume upon accurate analysis

In order to verify the influence of the internal-volume of a solenoid valve on chromatographic analytical accuracy, a research project was performed using two different valve types: The standard valve and the zero-internal-volume valve.

The internal-volume of the standard solenoid valve is composed of a flow path and a valve chamber. Media in the flow path are not trapped but there is space where such media are apt to be structurally trapped in the valve chamber. This space is called the 'Dead-volume'. It sometimes causes a decline in the purity and cleanliness of the media, which creates a negative effect on analysis accuracy. The Zero-internal-volume valve has a special design that eliminates the internal-volume in the valve chamber. In this test we compared the analytical accuracy obtainable using the above valves.

The details of the research and the results are as follows:


Comparative Table of the Internal-Volume 



N.C. and N.O. (Each port)

Total (Three ports)

Zero-internal-volume valve
(Model: MTV-3-NM6NA)

14 cubic millimeters

7 cubic millimeters

28 cubic millimeters

Standard valve
(Model: MTV-3-NM6)

26 cubic millimeters

66 cubic millimeters

158 cubic millimeters

Diagram 1: Results of the Measurements 


Diagram 1 shows the results of the analysis of a standard sample gas using a Zero-internal-volume valve and a standard valve. As can be seen from the diagram, the peaks obtained using the standard valve are obtuse. In addition, the roots of each peak are wide and there are parts in which some ingredients mix. In comparison, the peaks for the Zero-internal-volume valve are acute and the widths of the roots of each peak are not wide. The acuteness of the peaks shows that the performance in separation was of high quality. As a result, we can confirm that the Zero-internal-volume valve improves the performance of a gas sampling control device and the accuracy in chromatographical analysis.


Details of the Measuring Method
Sample gas was collected by low-temperature condensation at the concentrator (a trap made of stainless steel) in a gas sampling control device, and then placed in an analyzer after heating and removal from the concentrator. Ideally the flow path from the concentrator to the analyzer should be zero.


The circuit for fluid control is composed of solenoid valves as follows:

Separation Circuit Chart  



Details of the Separation Conditions
Column: HP-INNOWAX (inner diameter: 0.25mm, length: 30m, cross-linked polyethylene glycol stationary phase of 0.25micro meter)
Carrier gas: He (Pressure: 79 kPa)
Column temperature: 45 degrees centigrade
Gas chromatograph (Detector): GC-17A (Method: FID)
Standard sample: Acetone, Ethanol and Methanol (1ng injection)

1. The gas sampling control device that was used for the above experiment was developed in a joint research project with the Nagoya Institute of Technology.

2. The above experiment was carried out in a joint research project with the Nagoya Institute of Technology.

'Chromatography - Mechanism of Separation and Application' Takao Tsuda, 2nd edition, Maruzen, 1995 (published in Japanese)


January 01, 2000 05:01 AM